In general, the term credit in the artistic or intellectual sense refers to an acknowledgement of those who contributed to a work, whether through ideas or in a more direct sense.
Credit in the arts
In the creative arts, credits are an acknowledgement of those who participated in the production. They are often shown at the end of movies and on CD jackets. In film, video, television, theater, etc., credits means the list of actors and behind-the-scenes staff who contributed to the production.
Credit in writing
In non-fiction writing, especially academic works, it is generally considered important to give credit to sources of information and ideas. Failure to do so often gives rise to charges of plagiarism, and "piracy" of intellectual rights such as the right to receive a royalty for having written. In this sense the financial and individual meanings are linked.
Academic papers generally contain a lengthy section of footnotes or citations. Such detailed crediting of sources provides readers with an opportunity to discover more about the cited material. It also provides a check against misquotation, as it's easy for an attributed quote to be checked when the reference is available. All of this is thought to improve integrity of the instructional capital conveyed, which may be quite fragile, and easy to misinterpret or to misapply.
Authors have to take care when naming fictional currencies because of the associations between currency names and countries; recognizable names for currencies of the future (e.g. dollar or yen) may be used to imply how history has progressed, but would appear out of place in an entirely alien civilization. Historical fiction may need research. Writers need not explain the exact value of their fictional currencies or provide an exchange rate to modern money; they may rely on the intuitive grasp of their readers, for instance that one currency unit is probably of little value, but that millions of units will be worth a lot.
The main character is James Arnold Ross Jr., nicknamed Bunny, son of an oil tycoon. Bunny's sympathetic feelings toward oilfield workers and socialists provoke arguments with his father throughout the story.
James Arnold Ross (aka Dad): is a self-made oil millionaire.
James Arnold "Bunny" Ross, Jr.: the protagonist, is the only son of a self-made oil millionaire.
Paul Watkins: a farmer's son who runs away from home, is tutored by a free thinker, and becomes an advocate for the rights of laborers. After spending time in Siberia after World War I, he sympathizes with Bolshevism and becomes a Communist.
An oil is any neutral, nonpolarchemical substance that is a viscousliquid at ambient temperatures and is both hydrophobic (immiscible with water, literally "water fearing") and lipophilic (miscible with other oils, literally "fat loving"). Oils have a high carbon and hydrogen content and are usually flammable and slippery.
The general definition of oil includes classes of chemical compounds that may be otherwise unrelated in structure, properties, and uses. Oils may be animal, vegetable, or petrochemical in origin, and may be volatile or non-volatile. They are used for food, fuel, lubrication, and the manufacture of paints, plastics, and other materials. Specially prepared oils are used in some religious ceremonies as purifying agents.
First attested in English 1176, the word oil comes from Old Frenchoile, from Latinoleum, which in turn comes from the Greekἔλαιον (elaion), "olive oil, oil" and that from ἐλαία (elaia), "olive tree", "olive fruit". The earliest attested forms of the word are the Mycenaean Greek𐀁𐀨𐀺, e-ra-wo and 𐀁𐁉𐀺, e-rai-wo, written in the Linear B syllabic script.
The Refine album was well-reviewed for its honest, no frills metal approach. The band performed live gigs, including a show at the Stryper Expo, but Rinehart received an injury soon after the album release which meant Oil did not perform for nearly a year. Once recovered, Rinehart and Oil returned to performing, being announced as special guests to Disciple in April.
The band recorded a live album Choice Cuts Off the Chopping Block at the First Baptist Church in Downey, California, in November 2002. The record included two new acoustic songs, "This Is My Prayer" and "Medicine Man". When bass guitarist Matthew Joy opted out in May 2003, Oil recruited Jonathan Thiemens of Blind Sacrificies as a temporary replacement. This became permanent in July.
Countries with the lowest net gas taxes are all big oil and gas producers, like Saudi Arabia, Venezuela, and Libya, Ross found ... For example, industries that are likely to be outcompeted by unregulated out-of-state companies, got some free carbon credits, and the oil industry gets free credits in perpetuity....
Foreign palm oilconcessions were at the heart of reforms which were credited with making Liberia attractive to agricultural investors - but also caused violent conflict ...PleasecreditThomson ReutersFoundation, the charitable arm of Thomson Reuters, that covers humanitarian news, women's rights, trafficking, property rights, and climate change....
... than 40% of national territory in concessions for logging, mining and agriculture, according to rights groups ... Foreign palm oilconcessions were at the heart of reforms which were credited with making Liberia attractive to agricultural investors — but also caused violent conflict....
Foreign palm oilconcessions were at the heart of reforms which the World Bank has credited with transforming Liberia into a promising country for agricultural producers to invest in. But land concessions - which now cover more than 45 percent of Liberian territory - have provoked conflict in recent years....
to sell oil directly instead of through Venezuela’s national oil company, PDVSA, which requires a change in the constitution. Rosneft wants to replace the Citgo collateral with oilconcessions and provide PDVSA $5 billion in cash and/or credit...Vladimir's Venezuela - Leveraging Loans to Caracas, Moscow Snaps Up Oil Assets"....
That appears to be a decent enough concession to draw interest, but given the shaky state of Tuesday's market, Pemex may have little room to tighten from here ... "Oilcredits remain complicated but we are in a much better place now," said a DCM banker away from the trade....
... government accelerated long-standing policies which granted natural resource concessions to foreign companies. Foreignconcessions for palm oil production were at the centre of reforms which the World Bank has credited for transforming Liberia into a promising place for investors....